What are Accuplacer Accommodations

How to make digital files accessible

[George] Good afternoon. Thank you for joining us today for our webinar, "Digital Does Not Always Mean Accessible." I'm George Robertson, your host this afternoon, and today we will hear from Karen Norvell, Consultant and National Trainer. This webinar is being recorded, so please watch for an email from me tomorrow with a link to a webpage that contains resources related to this webinar, including a link to the recording. Feel free to share these links with your colleagues. Please let me introduce Karen. Karen has years of experience as an Elementary School Teacher, Instructional Technology Specialist, and Assistive Technology Consultant with school districts and intermediate units in South, Central and Eastern Pennsylvania. She currently works as an Independent Assistive Technology Consultant and Trainer. And now Karen, if you're there I'll go ahead and I'll pass control over to you, so you can begin your presentation. - [Karen] Thank you, George. - All right Karen, you should see a notice there. Perfect, we're seeing your desktop and now we have your PowerPoint slides. - All right, thank you George for that gracious introduction.

Hello, everyone. Welcome to the "Digital Does Not Always Mean Accessible" webinar. I'm your presenter today, I'm Karen Norvell. And there are some big ideas for today's webinar. Digital materials, there are lots of them on the market today. Lots of them are available in many different formats. And schools are using digital files and online learning systems more and more, but just because material is digital, doesn't necessarily mean it's accessible. So I'm going to talk a little bit about how content can be made accessible, and how it's important that hardware, software, and content is accessible. All three of them need to be accessible. And also I'm going to talk about four principals that guide the production of digital accessible content. That has to be perceivable by the user, operable, understandable, and robust. And if these four principles aren't employed in the development of digital materials, then they're not truly accessible, and that's where Kurzweil 3000 or Kurzweil 1000 can come in. Because using these programs, digital materials can be rendered accessible for users who need them. To begin I'd like to just talk about a couple of definitions. The first one is "access," so what is access? Well the National Science Foundation has defined the term "access" to mean, "The ability of individuals to locate, manipulate, and use information in an efficient and comprehensive manner." And in order to find those information, manipulate it, and use information in our digital world, digital information has to be accessible for all users who consume the information. And the World Wide Web Consortium has defined what digital accessibility means based on four principles. That is, "The individuals ability to perceive, to understand, to navigate, and to interact with digital materials." So what's the problem? All to often many digital materials are not accessible for all users. And often Individuals were charged with purchasing educational materials and content delivery systems for schools, they assume that digital materials that they're purchasing are going to be accessible for their students or clients with disabilities, but digital doesn't necessarily mean accessible. So if the digital content is not accessible, this is going to adversely impact many students learning. And even though there have been great advances in technology, many educational materials are still not accessible. So what makes digital materials truly accessible? Well the Director of the High Tech Center Training Unit of California Community Colleges, Gaeir Dietrich, he has defined very clearly what it takes to make content truly accessible. "The hardware, such as a laptop, a tablet, needs to have the capability to interface with accessible software. And then accessible software should have keyboard controls, screen options, audio assists, to enable individuals with disabilities to consume the information. And finally, the content has to also be in an accessible friendly format. Both the content and the technology, the hardware and the software used to deliver and interact with the content, they both need to be accessible." For example, an e-book, which is content, and a software application, which is a delivery system, they both need to be accessible. Unfortunately, content found in many e-books is not accessible and a lot of e-book readers are not accessible. And documents, such as PDF files are often not accessible. Also, the content that you find in learning management systems is often inaccessible. So if students are using a learning management system, such as Blackboard, or Moodle, or Schoology, or Canvas, the technology used to access that information and content within that e-learning system has to be accessible. Or if only the hardware is accessible, the digital materials will not be truly accessible. And if only the software is accessible, the digital materials are not going to be truly accessible. And if only the content is accessible, the digital materials will not be truly accessible. There can't be any break in this chain, or the user with the disability may not be able to access the digital material content. The Web Accessibility Initiative has created four principles that define what accessibility means regarding digital materials, and these also include digital educational materials, and these four principals are described on the National Center for Accessible Educational Materials website, the National AEM website. The first principle is that content should be perceivable. And this means that content can be represented in multiple ways so users can see and hear the content, whether it's on a computer, on a tablet, on a mainstream device, or on an assistive technology. And this includes things such as audio, text-to-speech, video captions, text alternatives for images, color and contrast options between text and background, and digital Braille. It also means that content has to be transformable from one format into another. In other words, such as text, which is perceivable by sight, has to be able to be transformed into audio by using text-to-speech, which is perceivable by hearing. And it also needs to be transformed into enlarged text using either alternative formatting or an enlargement software program. And it also should be able to be transferred into Braille by using a refreshable Braille display, which is perceivable by touch. And perceivable also means that math and scientific expressions and formulas can be represented in a number of ways.

So that is the first principle of accessibility is, perceivable. The second principle is operable. And this means that the student has to be able to understand the operation of the user interface. And students with disabilities have to be able to interact with the content, and they need either visual or non-visual forms of navigation, such as using the keyboard only, or using the keyboard with a mouse, or using the mouse and gestures, or voice, or another input device. Also location support, such as page numbers and bookmarks, are included here under the operable principal. Also, if a student is required to write, students have to have multiple ways to enter text. They have to have support, such as word prediction, perhaps an on-screen keyboard and voice input. In addition, under operable, the [inaudible] has to be able to control the pace of the content, as he or she is reading through that content. The third principle is understandable. And this means that the student understands the operation of the user interface. So content has to be structured in a predictable, coherent, and logical way. And it should be at an appropriate level for students. And it also means that students have access to supports and scaffolds for difficult content, such as having an access to a table of contents, to dictionaries, to a thesaurus, to spell checkers, graphic organizers, highlighters, and annotation tools. In addition, students should receive feedback on errors and comments on their progress. And the fourth and final principle of accessibility is robust. And this means that content can be used on multiple devices and with different assistive technologies. It also means that there's nothing to prevent access to built-in accessibility features, or necessary assistive technologies. And it also means that hopefully, products are tested by publishers or developers to make certain that they're compatible with assistive technology. So, if digital materials don't meet the criteria of these four principles of accessibility, Kurzweil 3000 and Kurzweil 1000 can help address this issue, by rendering these digital materials in accessible format. I'm going to be demonstrating Kurzweil 1000 and Kurzweil 3000, and how each of these programs can address these four principles of accessibility. With Kurzweil 3000 anyone can benefit from this program. It has many...it has scanning capability, it has many reading supports, study skill supports, writing supports, and test taking supports. Kurzweil 1000 has been developed for individuals who are blind or have low vision. And this program also has a number of different supports for students who are blind or have low vision.

K1000 for People with Blindness

So I'm going to jump right into Kurzweil 1000 to begin, and just show a few of those features that would match the four principles of accessibility. And with Kurzweil 1000, a user can use either a screen reader, such as JAWS, or they can use the Kurzweil 1000 Voice, both for reading and for messaging. And to launch Kurzweil 1000 with the ability for operable, it is easy for a student who's blind to launch the program by using a hotkey. And so this fits under some of the accessibility features of operable. How does a student who is blind operate the user interface? So I'm going to press the CTRL+ALT+K key. - [Computer] The selected topic is introducing the new user wizard. - This then will automatically launch Kurzweil 1000. It brings you into a wizard, which will give you some information. I am going to use the keyboard. I'm going to try to use the keyboard completely to navigate and demonstrate how this program works. - Hello and welcome to the Kurzweil 1000, version 14.02. Press the rectangular key at the bottom right corner of the keypad for assistance. - Kurzweil 1000, you can use either a standard Windows keyboard or you can use a numeric keypad. I'm going to be using a computer keyboard to show this program. I'm going to open a file. - File. New. CTRL+N. Select one or more files to open. File. Enter. Sort by. Cancel. The selected folder is general. Book. Article. First folder at this level. Kurzweil educational... [inaudible] Bookshare. Workshop. Bookshare books contains folder. General students [inaudible] contains folders. English. Science. Bookshare demo. "The Rocket Boys." Demo. Students [inaudible] File list. Bookshare demo... Bookshare demo. "The Rocket..."[inaudible] Page one. For agreements obtained from the copyright holder, this title may be... - So I have just opened a book. This is a freely available book through Bookshare, but I have stored that book on my computer and I opened it using just strictly keyboard controls. If I'm a blind user, I'm pretty much ready to go. But if I'm a low vision user, I may want to magnify the screen and change some of the contrast and the highlighting colors. So I can easily do that through the settings menu. - Settings. Voices. Open to dialog. Text will not be highlighted, nor will lines be tracked as they are spoken. - I am going to track text. - Word. - I'm going to track it by Word, so I'll select Word. I then Tab. - The text color is white. The highlight color is yellow. The background color is... The block highlight color... Use of a single... The magnification level is one...three. - I'm changing the magnification level to three, and then I'm going to click OK. - Bookshare demo. "The Rocket Boys of NIH," Don Luckett. - And I can start to read this book by pressing a function key. - Bookshare demo, "The Rocket Boys of NIH," Don Luckett. Notice. This title is considered freely distributable licensed content subject to the following limitations. For agreements that... - So I have set this program up for a user who, perhaps may have low vision and needs a magnification level, needs to have white text with a black background, and needs to have tracking set for each word set. So this is a way for me to meet the operable conditions and the perceivable principles under accessibility. As you notice it has cell voicing, so it has both a reading voice and a message voice. - File. Settings. Voices. Open to... Review or change reading voice settings. Message voice. Reading voice. - So my reading voice is set up for Paul, my message voice is set up for Kate. I can change that. I can also change the speed and the volume, the pitch, and other features here in the voice settings. I can also go to, while I'm here, I can go to Reading. I can go to General. I can go to Display. - Reading. - And here I have the Reading Unit, it's going to read by sentence. The echo I have set up for characters. - Read by sentence. Paragraph. Line. Sentence. Characters will be echoed. - I don't want characters to be echoed. I just wants words to be echoed. So every time a word is spoken... - Words. - ...it will speak that word instead of each character when I'm navigating. And I could change other things here. For example, header avoidance. On many documents there are headers, and if the student does not want to read all the headers, they can disable. - Page header and footer avoidance is disabled carefully, thoroughly. - And I want all headers to be avoided. And so when I make those selections, I can just say OK to that. So I'm able to change my cell voicing, voices. I'm able to change the speed for the text-to-speech. I'm able to change the text size, the magnification level, the color options, the tracking options, word spacing options. All of those I can do. Now with Kurzweil 1000, I can open a number of different formatted files. I can open PDF files. I can open .doc and .docx files, which are Word files. I can open grade two Braille files, which are BRF files. I can open Kurzweil files, text files, RTF files, DAISY files, HTML files. So there are a number of file formats, that I can also open. There are also hotkeys that I can use. So under... The student can use the mouse or the keyboard, or a combination. If they're using the keyboard and they want to see where they are on the page, and this would be part of the operable accessibility feature, I could hold down the Shift key and press the F1 key. - Page one. Line 4. Document... Bookshare demo. "The Rocket..."b.opfn. Folder C/users/owner/documents/ booksharebooks/demostudentsc/ science/booksharedemo... - So a location support is very important for students who are blind or may have low vision. They need to know where they are on the page. And what this does is it tells them what line they're on, what page number, and what document they are reading. Also, they can look to see if there are notes. They can add notes, so they can annotate, either with typing or with Voice Notes. So if I want to add a voice note or a note, I can hold down a hotkey. - Please enter a note. "The Rocket Boys of NIH." Bookshare. A note has been created. This [inaudible]. Blank. Copyright Notice. - I can also add a voice note. - Edit a new... CTRL+Z. - I can go to the edit menu and come down to Record a Voice Note, or just press D to record a voice note. This is a freely distributable book that you can download from Bookshare. - Recording stopped. Look. Save. OK. - Now I can open my notes, anything that I've annotated. And I can do that with a hotkey. - Select a note. Voice note. "The Rocket Boys of NIH" Bookshare book. Voice note: "This is a freely distributable book that you can download from Bookshare." - So I've been able to annotate as well, and being able to annotate is a great way for navigating, so students can put in their notes and then they can go from note to note. It might mark important information or a place that they want to go back to at a later time. Another thing they can do is do Bookmarks. So if the document, for example, this document is a DAISY document. And a DAISY, which stands for Digital Accessible Information System, is a DAISY text document and a lot of times a DAISY text document is going to be structured pretty well. It can have up to six levels of structure. So I can go into the Bookmarks and look at the structure. - Select a bookmark. "The Rocket Boys of NIH" contains bookmarks. Page two. "The Rocket Boys of NIH," by Don Luckett. Dedicated to... Select a bookmark. "The Rocket Boys Ask For Help." Level two. "The Rocket Boys Move NIH." "The Phone Rings For The Rocket Boys." "Rocket Troubles." - I can choose... This is a bookmark but it's also a Table of Contents. I can go to that particular chapter. - Page seven. "Rocket Troubles." "Terrance and Bruce built a new rocket, but the metal they used was too heavy." - So bookmarks are very useful too, because students can use them if the document comes well structured. They can use them to search and go to particular places. They can also add their own bookmarks to mark important information or where they left off in a book. So this is all part of the perceivable and the operable accessibility features. This program also allows...has a dictionary, a spell checker, a thesaurus. It has a summarize tool. So if they want to look up a word... - Dribble. He went to his father's laboratory [inaudible]. Space. [inaudible]. Father's laboratory. - So I want to look up the word laboratory and I can use the dictionary by pressing the CTRL+D. - The word to be defined is "laboratory." The part of speech will be all. The source will be American Heritage... One. Laboratory. Noun. Plural. Laboratories. A room or building equipped for scientific experimentation or research. An academic period devoted to work or study... Next. Two. A place where drugs and chemicals are... Next. Three. A place for practice... Next. - And I can go from definition to definition for that particular word. - [inaudible] Done. - I can also use a thesaurus. So I'm on the word laboratory, I can hold down the Shift+F7. - Synonyms will be found for a laboratory. Part of speech [inaudible]. Next. - It didn't have any for laboratory, but it would for other words. - Preview. Replace. Done. - I can also summarize this document, and that makes it very much part of the understandable accessibility principle. So summarizing... - File. New. CTRL+N. - I'm going to summarize... - Would you like to use Bookmarks to create the summary? Yes. - And I am going to use Bookmarks because the bookmarks that will...students can put bookmarks in. They can then use them as a way to summarize the document. - Do you want to keep page numbers in the summary? Yes. Page one. Bookmarks for Bookshare demo. "The Rocket Be Off." One. Notice. One. "The Rocket Boys of NIH" Bookshare Book. And so I have now just used the summarization feature to summarize this particular document based on the bookmarks that are in this document. To go back to another document, I can hold down the ALT key. - File. Press Next Document. CTRL+F6. - Go to the previous document. - Bookshare demo. The Rocket b.opfn.folder c/users/owner/documents/... - And it takes me back to that original document. Another feature that both Kurzweil 1000 and Kurzweil 3000 have is what we call the virtual print feature. And let me show you how that works. I'm going to go to a website. I'm going to go to Kurzweil's website. I'm going to go to the products, Kurzweil 1000. And here I have text that explains new features that have been added to Kurzweil 1000 for [inaudible]. And what I'm going to do is virtually print this. And what that does, is it will take this particular web page and it will bring it into Kurzweil 1000 so that it can be easily read and annotated in Kurzweil 1000.

Now anytime you have Kurzweil 1000 or Kurzweil 3000 installed on a computer, the Virtual Print function becomes available in any application that has a Print feature. So for example, I'm in Mozilla Firefox, it has a Print feature, therefore it will have the Virtual Printer available to me. To do that, I'm going to come up to File in the menu bar, I'm going to come down to Print, and instead of printing to a physical printer, I'm going to print to the Kezzy Virtual Printer. And once I do that, I'll say OK, I'll select Kezzy Virtual Printer. Click OK. - Kurzweil 1000. - And it will recognize. - Page one complete. Kurzweil Education httpskurzweilu.com/product/ [inaudible]. For Windows... - You heard a chime, and that means...that will queue the individual who's blind, into knowing that this particular document has been virtually printed and it is now available for reading in Kurzweil 1000. - httpskurzweil... Help... Kurzweil... Blank...New features added to... New features added to award winning scan and read software with on-the-go access.

Kurzweil 1000 next printed or electronic text accessible to people with blindness and visual impairments. Speaking text allowed in a variety of natural sounding... - So those are some of the features in Kurzweil 1000. There are lots and lots of wonderful features for individuals who are blind or have low vision for reading. It also does scanning very well, bringing lots of different types of documents in and also saving documents. One thing that...one of the principles of accessibility is that you have to be able to convert a digital material into another format, and you can do this in Kurzweil 1000.

You can create an audio file, which would be MP3 or a .wav file. You can also save the document in a number of different formats, and I'll just demonstrate that. - File. Has a... New. CTRL+N. Utilities. Copy. Open to dialog. All pages will be processed. - This is where I can go to create an audio file. I can decide what page range I want. I can decide the audio format. Whether bookmarks will be used as separators, the audio quality. So all of these things, whether I want to put it into iTunes, Playlist, or into my Windows Media Player Playlist, I can do all that through here. I can also save. - File. New. - And I'm going to Save As... - Please accept or change the file name. KP... The current format is KES. - And I can save as a Kurzweil file. I can save this Word... - MS Word 2007. MS Word for Windows 16. RTF. Text. Other. Braille grade two. DAISY. [inaudible]. HTML. KES. - So you see there are a number of formats that I can save this file, and with those formats, especially if it's a Braille file, I can then read that Braille file on a Braille PDA, such as a Braille Note or a Braille Sense, ePub, Microsoft Word, so all of those. Itcan be converted into other formats. - Sort by name. OK. Cancel. File. New. CTRL+N. Select one or more files to open. File List.ncc.html. Enter the name of a file to... Sort by... OK. Cancel. The selected folder is General. Contains "Rocket Boys of NIH" MP3 files. File List. 00001.mp3. - I'm going to open an MP3 file because I created an MP3 file of the "Rocket Boys." - Sorry, you must specify file name. Enter the name... Sort... Cancel. The selected folder is "Rocket Boys of NIH" MP3 files. File List. 00001.mp3. 00001.mp3. - I have to select the file, which I didn't do. - Page one. "They made plans for a shiny rocket that could carry a mouse into the sky and bring it back safely. But they didn't have the money to buy the aluminum they needed. One cold winter night, Terrance got an idea..." - So I have just created an MP3 file of that particular document. I can read it on a computer. I can put it on any kind of an MP3 player. I can put it on a digital talking book player. I can put it in a Braille PDA, like a Braille Note or a Braille Sense. So I can play it on an MP3, on an iPhone, iPod, Android device or you know, tablet or a phone. So I have a lot of different options for mainstream assistive technologies that I can convert files that I bring into Kurzweil 1000. So I'm going to move on to... I'm going to exit out of Kurzweil 1000.

Kurzweil 3000 for learning differences

I'm going to move into Kurzweil 3000. - File. New. CTRL... Bookshare demo.therocketb... Bookshare demo... - Okay, I am now in Kurzweil 3000. I'm in the current version. And as I said before, Kurzweil 3000 is very appropriate for all users. Everyone can benefit from Kurzweil 3000. It is especially helpful for individuals who have learning disabilities, physical disabilities, and have even low vision. Some students with low vision can benefit very much and can use Kurzweil 3000. As far as meeting the accessibility criteria under perceivable, it has a very clean interface, which can be customized. You can minimize toolbars and icons. It has text-to-speech. You can change the size of a document. For text, you can change the reading voice and the speed. It has many audio options. And you can also...it has color options, and tracking options, and also you can create an audio file. So there are lots...its very multi-sensory. So there are lots of different features that will fit under the perceivable accessibility principal. So let me just demonstrate. I'm bringing up the same book I did before. It was a recent document. I could have gotten this book from my computer. I could get it from a flash drive, a network drive. And I can get it from the universal library, which I will demonstrate. But here I have my book. I can change the size of the document or the image on the screen to make it larger or smaller. I can also use the plus and minus. So for those individuals who need, you know, larger text or smaller text, they can manipulate the size here using these controls. The reading tools are here at the top. So they can easily click to read. - "Research money." - I had the wrong... I want to start here, so I just click and... - "The Rocket Boys Asked For Help." "Terrance, Boylan, and Bruce Cooke had a dream. They wanted to soar past the clouds and explore space. It was a..." - To the right I have a number of audio options. So I can change the words per minute. The default is 145 words per minute. The default in Kurzweil 1000 was 170 words per minute, which was faster. I have Tracy as the voice. But I have other voices that I can choose from, depending on what voices are installed on my computer. I can decide the reading mode. Do I want it to read continuously until I tell it to stop by pressing back on the Read button to pause, or do I want to have it self-paced. So for students who need control of the reading, they can set it up for self-paced. So if they're reading by sentence, each time they press the Read button it will read that sentence and stop. And then in order to read the next sentence, it would need to click back on the Read button in order to go on. So it gives them some control over that reading. And then I have the Reading Unit, where I can have the text highlighted and read by word, phrase, line, sentence, paragraph, heading, and highlight. So I can decide what that's going to be. With operating the user interface, the student can use the mouse and and can use several keyboard commands. Although with Kurzweil 3000, it can not be controlled completely by keyboard, but there are many, many keyboard commands that students can use to operate the interface. The navigation is done with the toolbars here. So depending on whether you are in the Read part, whether you're in the Text View, or the Writing part, or the Scanning part, you will have different toolbars that will correspond with these tabs. You will also have toolbars on the left that will correspond. I'm going to open another file. This time I'm going to open a file from the Universal Library, and I can do that right here. And I am going to choose the book that I have here in my Universal Library, which is in Firefly. And I have a couple of folders, I have a private and a public folder. I have another... I have several folders within those. And one of the documents that I have stored here is called "Condor," and I'm going to open that document. And I can again, change the Zoom value. So whatever's comfortable for me. And I also have a number of things, such as a dictionary. So let's say I don't know what the word "extinction" means, here in the first sentence. I can click on the word extinction and I can then use this dictionary and have the term read back to me. - Extinction. Noun. One. A. The active extinguishing. B. The condition of being extinguished. Two. - So I have a number of toolbars here on the left, or I have a toolbar on the left with a number of icons that I can use. One of these is a Text Note, another is Keynote. And as an instructor, I can set a Sticky Note to give instructions for a student, for a reading assignment or a test. Students can use Sticky Notes as well, to take notes for themselves or to ask questions, or remind themselves to look for more information about the topic. - Read. The. Article. To. Learn. About. Read the article to learn about Condors. - And I can move that around. I can resize it, and move it wherever I need to. I can also do that with Text Notes, which are right here. There are a number of other tools, highlighter tools so I can highlight information. And in the current version, I also have circle tools and I have a cross out tool available to me. So the dictionary, the sticky notes, the Text Notes, there are also footnotes available. These fit under the understandable part of accessibility. These are supports that students have and are very useful for them when they're reading and writing.

Using Bookmarks

Another thing that they would have...and I'm going to go back to the "Rocket Boys," is they have Bookmarks. So if they've bookmarked a document or if it is a DAISY file, and perhaps the bookmarks are already structured for them, they can click on the Bookmark tool, and they will see bookmarks, just as you saw in Kurzweil 1000, there are bookmarks here in Kurzweil 3000 for the same document, and they show up. And the student can go to any... - "Rocket Troubles" - ...any chapter, just by selecting it and clicking on Go To, and it takes them right to that particular spot where that bookmark is. So Bookmarks are also very, very useful. Students can bookmark where they left off. They can bookmark important information. They can bookmark information that they may want to study for a test. Lots of uses for bookmarks. Another option that they have, they have graphic organizers. So this comes under the understandable, helping students understand their reading, and then prepare for writing. So I'm going to go to the Library and I'm going to go to my Social Studies folder. And I'm going to open the Causes and Effects Map, which is a graphic organizer. And it takes me... I'm going to go into the right tab and I'm going to reduce the size, so you can see it a little better. This is a graphic organizer that I used a template from Kurzweil. Kurzweil 3000 has many templates for brainstorming, and this is a cause and effect template that I used and customized, and started typing in the causes and effects of the Great Depression. And graphic organizers are great supports for students for writing. And with Kurzweil 3000, they can go to the Brainstorm View, which is right her. This is the graphic organizer. They can go to the Outline View, so it will take that brainstorm and if they go to the Outline, they can see it in Outline format. They can add information here, add notes, add topics, sub-topics, move things around. The next part of the document view, is the split-screens. So they have the outline on the left and they have their text that they have written on the right, so that they can continue to pull information over from one to the next. And then finally, they have the draft, where they can finish their writing. And then they can print this. They can save it as a Word document, so there are many features that they can use in the writing piece, just going back-and-forth from brainstorm to outline to the split screen to then, the draft. And they have many writing supports as well. So they can check their spelling, they can use word lists, they can look up the definitions of words. So there are lots of different tools that they can use.

Now how does Kurzweil 3000 help with the robust principle of accessibility? Well, one of the ways is through reading the web. And I have Kurzweil set up under Tools, Options to read the web. And I'm going to Reading in the Reading Options. to read the web with the Mozilla Firefox browser. That seems to be...work the best, the browser that works best for me. So in order to read the web, I'm going to come up here to Reference, and I'm going to choose Read the Web. And it will take me out to the website. We will open a Google and I will need to put in a URL in order to go to a particular website. So I will do that. I am going to go to... a website that has a demonstration of practice tests for an Accuplacer test. Many college and universities use the Accuplacer test as placement tests when students come into the college or the university. And these are online. And I'm going to click on one of the free Accuplacer practice tests. And I'm going to start that practice test. And I'm going to get started. Now for Read the Web... - Accuplacer ready. Biometrics. Get started. Close. - This is not reading very well through the Read the Web feature here. So what I have, I can use what is the toolbar, the Kurzweil task bar. So down here on the task bar, I will need to activate that tool bar. So I'll come up to toolbar, and I'll come over to Kurzweil task bar, and it puts what is the Kurzweil task bar down here on the bottom right. And I'll just show you what that looks like.

So here's the task bar, the Read feature, the Look-up the Word feature, the Spell Check feature, and the Image Reader feature. I can select this text, if I can't select it, I can then click and drag it, and drop it right down here. - Read the statement or passage and then choose the best answer to the question. Answer the question based on what... - So what I did is, I selected the text and used my task bar by clicking and dragging the text, the selected text, down here to the Play button. - The Amazon Rain Forest is one of the most important ecosystems in the world. However, it is slowly being destroyed. - For text that you can not select, that may be protected or locked, you can use the Image Reader, which is the last icon on the Kurzweil task bar. If you choose that, it turns to a crosshairs, and you can then draw a box around any inaccessible text. - The main purpose of the passage is only to explain why the Amazon Rain Forest should be protected. - Let me [inaudible]. This works with an online course, because many high schools and colleges and universities, are using learning management system courseware software for teaching courses for students. I'm going to log into a course that I teach and this is using Moodle. With Moodle, it's a learning management system, and teachers can create courseware in Moodle. And so through this you'll see there are lots of texts, there are lots of links, there are course syllabus, there are tests. So all of this is available to students, but if they can't access it and read it, that's a problem. So here, I'm going to use the Kurzweil Read the Web feature. I'm going to click right before this text, and I'm going to click Read Pause, to read that text. - Connect to the largest and most comprehensive collection on the non-medical aspects of blindness and deaf blindness open to the public. 25 July, 30... - So as long as I can select, at least click right before text, and click on the Read Pause button... - Open this page for information on reporting technical issues. - ...it will read the text. Now what about hyperlinks? Students may not be able to read these. So what they can do, is they can use the Kurzweil task bar, the Image Reader on the task bar, which is the last icon. Select the inaccessible text. - Course syllabus 57.7 KB Word document. Confirm your credit type. - And it will bring that inaccessible text up in its own window. Also, students can take assessments online. So here is a test. [silence] If they can click right before the question, they can use the Read Pause button.

What does AEM stand for? Select one. A. Authorized educational materials. B. Aligned educational materials... - If for some reason this Read the Web features not working, they can always, if they can, they can select the text, and they can click and drag it, and put it here on this Read...

What does AEM stand for? Select one. A. Authorize... - And if this is completely inaccessible to them, they can't select it. They can use the Image Reader. - What does AEM stand for? Select one. A. - So this feature, which is the Kurzweil task bar and the Read the Web, are very, very useful for students who need to have accessibility in online courseware, different components of online courseware. To finish, I just like to speak a little bit about Firefly. If you have a Kurzweil 3000 web license, you have Firefly. And Firefly is a place where you have the Universal Library, with all your files and folders are stored there. It's also a user management system, and it also will read documents, and it also has a new RTF editor, where students can write. And the Firefly iPad app is available on the iPad. It is available from iTunes at no cost, you just download it. And it can be installed right on your iPad, and as long as you have a user name and password, you can login, and the student can then read their document. With the Firefly web application, they can read documents on a computer, such as a Windows computer, a Mac computer, a Chromebook. They can also read documents on mobile browsers because now any mobile browser that supports HTML5, Firefly will work on that mobile browser and an Android device, and an iOS device. So it's just another part of Kurzweil's ability to provide lots of options for students on different...being able to read and write on many different types of devices, with both Kurzweil 1000, Kurzweil 3000, and Firefly web application, and the Firefly iPad app. I know it's almost 4:00. Are there any questions? - Hi, Karen. - Hi, George. - I'm just checking in here. As a reminder if anyone has any questions, please use the panel on the side of your screen here. Oh, here's a question we have here.

Mac Users

Are there limitations when using the iOS operating system? - Limitations. Not that I know of. Not that I know of. - Okay. - I don't know that answer. I mean if you're using an iOS system and you're using an old version of the iOS... I don't know the answer to that question. I just would recommend that anyone who is using an iOS device, just update to the current version. - Sure. Sure. And we'll get back in touch with the person who asked the question and see if we can clarify anything. I know it looks...if you're using the Mac version, you know there are going to be things that look different. So, yeah, we can follow-up with you after the session to kind of clarify. - Yes, absolutely. Kurzweil 3000 is made for the Macintosh. It's a very, very fine program. It does look different than the Windows version, but it has many, many of the same features. So if you are using a Mac, I do highly recommend that you really consider using Kurzweil 3000 on the MAC. It's great. - Okay Karen, well I'll go ahead and take control back here for a moment. And see if there's any additional questions here. As far as reading math, with algebra, is there any questions you could...or any... I don't know...anything you could weigh in there around or... - Yeah. For math, math is always an issues and I can actually demonstrate it if you'd like me to. Math really requires that the math document be created with, what we call Math ML, which is a language that will create math so that it can be read with the digital technology. And the digital technology has to be able to read it, but we're not quite there yet, I don't believe with math. I know that there are organizations working on that. If you want me to demonstrate how I address an algebra sheet with math, I'll happy to do that now, if you want me to do that. George do you want me to do that or is that something...

Well, we're at 4:00 right now. So why don't we...we'll follow separately with the person who asked the question and see if we could kind of clarify it, but thank you for the feedback there. - Right. - And, yeah. If there aren't any additional questions then, we'll go ahead and wrap today's session. And thank you Karen and thank you to all the attendees, and as a reminder we recorded today's session. So look for an email from us with a link to the recording. And again, thanks everyone for your time today. - Thank you, George. Thank you, everyone. - All right, take care.